"It is very possible that PATERNAL AGE is the major predictor of(non-familial) autism." Harry Fisch, M.D., author "The Male Biological Clock". Sperm DNA mutates and autism, schizophrenia bipolar etc. results. What is the connection with autoimmune disorders? Having Type 1 diabetes, SLE,etc. in the family, also if mother had older father. NW Cryobank will not accept a sperm donor past 35th BD to minimize genetic abnormalities.VACCINATIONS also cause autism.

Tuesday, March 23, 2010

Could autism with mental retardation result from digenism and frequent de novo mutations?

World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
2009, Vol. 10, No. 4_3, Pages 1030-1036 , DOI 10.1080/15622970802627455

Could autism with mental retardation result from digenism and frequent de novo mutations?
Claude Moraine‌1,2*, Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault‌1,23, Frédéric Laumonnier‌1, Marie Gomot‌1
1Inserm, U930, Tours, France
2Université François-Rabelais de Tours, Tours, France
3CHRU Tours, Hôpital Bretonneau, Service d Explorations Fonctionnelles et Neurophysiologie en Pédopsychiatrie, Tours, France
*Correspondence: Claude Moraine, c/o UBIDOCA, 105 Rue des Pommiers, 74 370, Saint-Martin-Bellevue, France 33 52 777382 5860 33 52 777382 5860

The high concordance for autism symptoms in monozygotic twin-pairs compared to di-zygotic twins and/or non-twin sib-ships suggests a high genetic determinism in autism. Those results have hypothesized multi-factorial determinism in accordance with family studies and mathematical models. However, linkage and association or candidate gene strategies have failed to-date to identify clearly involved mechanisms. Mental retardation (MR) is known as frequently associated to autism. Multiplex XLMR pedigrees have been reported with only one mutated patient having autism and MR: different X-located MR genes have been shown to be involved (NLGN4, MECP2, OPHN1, ZNF674 and FRAXA) which does not suggest that they could be “autism genes”. Tuberous sclerosis studies and report of numerous autosomal domains shown deleted in MR-autistic subjects suggest that several autosomal dominant (AD) genes could be also involved in MR with autism. Whereas multiplex AD-MR families are rare, AD de novo mutations could explain numerous sporadic situations of non-specific MR and of autism with MR, in accordance with twin studies. Finally, we hypothesize that in those autistic subjects with mendelian MR, the XL-MR or AD-MR gene (G1) would pave the way for a second Mendelian factor (G2) responsible for autism symptoms.



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