"It is very possible that PATERNAL AGE is the major predictor of(non-familial) autism." Harry Fisch, M.D., author "The Male Biological Clock". Sperm DNA mutates and autism, schizophrenia bipolar etc. results. What is the connection with autoimmune disorders? Having Type 1 diabetes, SLE,etc. in the family, also if mother had older father. NW Cryobank will not accept a sperm donor past 35th BD to minimize genetic abnormalities.VACCINATIONS also cause autism.

Tuesday, May 06, 2014

Paternal Age at Childbearing and Offspring Psychiatric and Academic Morbidity

Paternal Age at Childbearing and Offspring Psychiatric and Academic Morbidity
Brian M. D’Onofrio, PhD1; Martin E. Rickert, PhD1; Emma Frans, MSc2; Ralf Kuja-Halkola, MSc2; Catarina Almqvist, MD2,3; Arvid Sjölander, PhD2; Henrik Larsson, PhD2; Paul Lichtenstein, PhD2
[+] Author Affiliations
JAMA Psychiatry. 2014;71(4):432-438. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.4525.
Text Size: A A A




Comments (2)


Importance  Advancing paternal age is associated with increased genetic mutations during spermatogenesis, which research suggests may cause psychiatric morbidity in the offspring. The effects of advancing paternal age at childbearing on offspring morbidity remain unclear, however, because of inconsistent epidemiologic findings and the inability of previous studies to rigorously rule out confounding factors.
Objective  To examine the associations between advancing paternal age at childbearing and numerous indexes of offspring morbidity.
Design, Setting, and Participants  We performed a population-based cohort study of all individuals born in Sweden in 1973-2001 (N = 2 615 081), with subsets of the data used to predict childhood or adolescent morbidity. We estimated the risk of psychiatric and academic morbidity associated with advancing paternal age using several quasi-experimental designs, including the comparison of differentially exposed siblings, cousins, and first-born cousins.
Exposure  Paternal age at childbearing.
Main Outcomes and Measures  Psychiatric (autism, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, psychosis, bipolar disorder, suicide attempt, and substance use problem) and academic (failing grades and low educational attainment) morbidity.
Results  In the study population, advancing paternal age was associated with increased risk of some psychiatric disorders (eg, autism, psychosis, and bipolar disorders) but decreased risk of the other indexes of morbidity. In contrast, the sibling-comparison analyses indicated that advancing paternal age had a dose-response relationship with every index of morbidity, with the magnitude of the associations being as large or larger than the estimates in the entire population. Compared with offspring born to fathers 20 to 24 years old, offspring of fathers 45 years and older were at heightened risk of autism (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.45; 95% CI, 1.62-7.33), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (HR = 13.13; 95% CI, 6.85-25.16), psychosis (HR = 2.07; 95% CI, 1.35-3.20), bipolar disorder (HR = 24.70; 95% CI, 12.12-50.31), suicide attempts (HR = 2.72; 95% CI, 2.08-3.56), substance use problems (HR = 2.44; 95% CI, 1.98-2.99), failing a grade (odds ratio [OR] = 1.59; 95% CI, 1.37-1.85), and low educational attainment (OR = 1.70; 95% CI, 1.50-1.93) in within-sibling comparisons. Additional analyses using several quasi-experimental designs obtained commensurate results, further strengthening the internal and external validity of the findings.

Conclusions and Relevance  Advancing paternal age is associated with increased risk of psychiatric and academic morbidity, with the magnitude of the risks being as large or larger than previous estimates. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that new genetic mutations that occur during spermatogenesis are causally related to offspring morbidity.

Thursday, April 25, 2013

A Few Extra Pounds Linked to a Longer Life

             A Few Extra Pounds Linked to a Longer Life

April 26, 2013 | 12,036 views | + Add to Favorites

By Dr. Mercola
Provocative new research involving data from nearly 3 million adults suggests that a having an overweight body mass index (BMI) may be linked to a longer life than one that puts you within a “normal” weight range.
The research, which analyzed 97 studies in all, found that people with BMIs under 30 but above normal (the overweight range) had a 6 percent lower risk of dying from all causes than those who were normal weight, while those whose BMIs fell into the obese range were 18 percent more likely to die of any cause.1 The researchers wrote:
“Relative to normal weight … overweight was associated with significantly lower all-cause mortality.”

Do a Few Extra Pounds Make You Healthier?

The study results imply, at least superficially, that carrying some extra weight may help you live longer … or at the very least may not be as unhealthy as it’s made out to be. In a JAMA editorial, Steven Heymsfield, M.D. and William Cefalu, M.D. highlighted this notion:2
“The presence of a wasting disease, heart disease, diabetes, renal dialysis, or older age are all associated with an inverse relationship between BMI and mortality rate, an observation termed the obesity paradox or reverse epidemiology.
The optimal BMI linked with lowest mortality in patients with chronic disease may be within the overweight and obesity range.
Even in the absence of chronic disease, small excess amounts of adipose tissue may provide needed energy reserves during acute catabolic illnesses, have beneficial mechanical effects with some types of traumatic injuries, and convey other salutary effects that need to be investigated in light of the studies … "
Indeed, it is quite possible to be overweight and healthy, just as it’s possible to be normal weight and unhealthy. But for the vast majority of those who carry around extra pounds, health problems will often result.
The study has been heavily criticized for painting an overly simplistic picture of a very complex situation. For instance, it doesn’t tell you whether those living longer were afflicted with more chronic disease or whether their quality of life was otherwise impacted. And even more importantly, it used only BMI as a measure of body composition, and this is a highly flawed technique.
Many studies, such as one published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology,3 have actually found that a high BMI was associated with a lower risk of death, a phenomenon known as the "obesity paradox." But these findings are typically only examples of how BMI is such a flawed measurement tool …

Why BMI is a Flawed Measurement Tool

If you'd like to know how much body fat you have and whether or not your levels put you into a weight category that might lead to health problems, most public health agencies, and therefore most physicians, promote the use of the BMI, which gauges weight in relation to height. But this method is quite flawed, as research suggests it may underestimate obesity rates and misclassify up to one-quarter of men and nearly half of women.4 According to lead author Dr. Eric Braverman, president of the nonprofit Path Foundation in New York City:5
"Based on BMI, about one-third of Americans are considered obese, but when other methods of measuring obesity are used, that number may be closer to 60%."
One of the primary reasons why BMI is such a flawed measurement tool is that it uses weight as a measure of risk, when it is actually a high percentage of body fat that makes a person have an increased disease risk. Your weight takes into account your bone structure, for instance, so a big-boned person may weigh more, but that certainly doesn't mean they have more body fat.
Athletes and completely out-of-shape people can also have similar BMI scores, or a very muscular person could be classified as "obese" using BMI, when in reality it is mostly lean muscle accounting for their higher-than-average weight. BMI also tells you nothing about where fat is located in your body, and it appears that the location of the fat, particularly if it's around your stomach, is more important than the absolute amount of fat when it comes to measuring certain health risks, especially heart disease.

Do You Know Your Body Fat Percentage?

This is another useful tool that is leaps and bounds ahead of BMI as far as gauging your weight-related health risks is concerned. It is FAR better to monitor your body fat percentage than it is your total weight, as the body fat percentage is what dictates metabolic health or dysfunction – not your total weight.
Too much body fat is linked to chronic health problems like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, diabetes, and cancer, while too little body fat is also problematic and can cause your body to enter a catabolic state, where muscle protein is used as fuel.
Body fat calipers are one of the most trusted and most accurate ways to measure body fat. A body fat or skinfold caliper is a lightweight, hand-held device that quickly and easily measures the thickness of a fold of your skin with its underlying layer of fat. Taken at three very specific locations on your body, these readings can help you estimate the total percent of body fat within your entire body.
You can also use a digital scale that determines body fat, which is what I use personally. I use an Eat Smart Precision GetFit Body Fat Scale that I picked up from Amazon for around $50. Although many body fat measurements can be inaccurate, they are nearly all more accurate than BMI, and are particularly useful to determine whether you are gaining or losing fat. Although the absolute value may be off, the direction you are going (whether your body fat is going up or down) will be very accurate, and this is an incredibly useful measure of whether you're nearing your health goals or not. A general guideline from the American Council on Exercise is as follows:6
Classification Women (percent fat) Men (percent fat)
Essential Fat 10-13 percent 2-5 percent
Athletes 14-20 percent 6-13 percent
Fitness 21-24 percent 14-17 percent
Acceptable 25-31 percent 18-24 percent
Obese 32 percent and higher 25 percent and higher

Overweight Often Leads to Obesity…

It is quite clear that the more overweight you are, the greater the health risks become. So even if it were true that a few extra pounds are actually good for you, if you’re on a path of weight gain you’re on a slippery slope that could easily lead to obesity.
The most recent health report card issued for the United States predicts that half of all American adults will be obese by 2030. Obesity-related illness is predicted to raise national health care costs by $48 billion annually over the next two decades by adding another 7.9 million new cases of diabetes, 5 million cases of chronic heart disease and stroke, and 400,000 cancer cases…7 If you want to avoid becoming one of these statistics, I suggest you start to look at your weight as less a product of “calories in vs. calories out” and more the result of a faulty “fat switch.” According to Dr. Richard Johnson of the University of Colorado, author of The Fat Switch:
"Those of us who are obese eat more because of a faulty 'switch' and exercise less because of a low energy state. If you can learn how to control the specific 'switch' located in the powerhouse of each of your cells – the mitochondria – you hold the key to fighting obesity."
Here are some highlights that Dr. Johnson explains in detail in his book:
  • Large portions of food and too little exercise are the result of your fat switch being turned on
  • Metabolic Syndrome is the normal condition that animals undertake to store fat
  • Fructose-containing sugars cause obesity not by calories but by turning on the fat switch
  • Effective treatment of obesity requires turning off your fat switch and improving the function of your cells' mitochondria
I highly recommend picking up a copy of this book, which has been described as the "Holy Grail" for those struggling with their weight. Dietary sugar, especially fructose, is a significant "tripper of your fat switch," which is why, if you are serious about losing weight, you'll need a comprehensive plan that includes:

Top 5 Antioxidant Rich Foods: Slowing Aging and Fighting Cancer

Top 5 Antioxidant Rich Foods: Slowing Aging and Fighting CancerTop 5 Antioxidant Rich Foods: Slowing Aging and Fighting Cancer

Lisa Garber
August 31st, 2012
Updated 04/25/2013 at 2:28 am
raspberriesinbasket 235x147 Top 5 Antioxidant Rich Foods: Slowing Aging and Fighting Cancer
Antioxidants are something of a buzz word in the natural health community, and for good reason. They scavenge cancer-causing free radicals throughout our body, which leads to improved health and healthier aging. We now have genetic evidence that antioxidants kill cancer, and they even help improve memory. Here are the top antioxidant rich foods you probably (and should) have in your kitchen.

Top 5 Antioxidant Rich Foods

  1. Spices

Imagine if we could simply sprinkle antioxidants onto any bland food. Good news: we can! By weight, spices have the most antioxidants of any food, with cloves bearing an Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) of about 300,000 units per 100 grams. (But please don’t consume 100 grams of cloves in one sitting!) Other powerful spices include turmeric, oregano, rosemary, cinnamon, and vanilla.
  1. Chocolate

Despite being typically thought of as a junk food, chocolate is packed full of antioxidants. The key to finding more antioxidants (and less fat and sugar) in your chocolate is getting the right kind. Unsweetened cocoa powder has ORAC values of 50,000, so you can make your own healthy chocolate by combining it with real butter or coconut oil and moderate amounts of healthy sugars, like maple syrup or honey. When you’re on the move, though, reach for dark chocolate, which clocks in at about 20,000 units of antioxidants.
  1. Coffee

Depending on the brew time and bean variety, coffee has an ORAC value of up to 17,000 units. In moderate amounts, coffee health benefits include protection against atherosclerosis, type II diabetes, depression, and even dementia.
  1. Berries

Berries have been marketed for many years as great antioxidant rich foods. Himalayan goji berries and Acai berries have the most antioxidants—25,000 and 18,5000 respectively. For those of us saving money or buying local, however, blueberries, blackberries, and raspberries still pack quite an antioxidant punch. Dried varieties, like raisins (over 10,000 units) are good choices, too. Just be sure to avoid types loaded with added sugar.
  1. Nuts

Nuts provide numerous health benefits overall, with the health benefits of pistachios showcasing just a handful of them. Not only are nuts a great snack rich with protein, fiber, and healthy fats, but they also provide lots of antioxidants. Pecans have an ORAC value of nearly 18,000, while walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachios, and almonds are also good choices.
There are other antioxidant rich foods, but the top 5 above should be more than enough to significantly boost your antioxidant intake. Remember to buy organic as often as possible. Organic produce contains more nutrients and antioxidants than conventionally grown varieties!
Additional Sources:

Prenatal valproate exposure and risk of autism spectrum disorders and childhood autism.

2013 Apr 24;309(16):1696-703. doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.2270.

Prenatal valproate exposure and risk of autism spectrum disorders and childhood autism.


Department of Neurology, Aarhus University Hospital, Norrebrogade 44, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.



Valproate is used for the treatment of epilepsy and other neuropsychological disorders and may be the only treatment option for women of childbearing potential. However, prenatal exposure to valproate may increase the risk of autism.


To determine whether prenatal exposure to valproate is associated with an increased risk of autism in offspring.


Population-based study of all children born alive in Denmark from 1996 to 2006. National registers were used to identify children exposed to valproate during pregnancy and diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (childhood autism [autistic disorder], Asperger syndrome, atypical autism, and other or unspecified pervasive developmental disorders). We analyzed the risks associated with all autism spectrum disorders as well as childhood autism. Data were analyzed by Cox regression adjusting for potential confounders (maternal age at conception, paternal age at conception, parental psychiatric history, gestational age, birth weight, sex, congenital malformations, and parity). Children were followed up from birth until the day of autism spectrum disorder diagnosis, death, emigration, or December 31, 2010, whichever came first. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Absolute risk (cumulative incidence) and the hazard ratio (HR) of autism spectrum disorder and childhood autism in children after exposure to valproate in pregnancy.


Of 655,615 children born from 1996 through 2006, 5437 were identified with autism spectrum disorder, including 2067 with childhood autism. The mean age of the children at end of follow-up was 8.84 years (range, 4-14; median, 8.85). The estimated absolute risk after 14 years of follow-up was 1.53% (95% CI, 1.47%-1.58%) for autism spectrum disorder and 0.48% (95% CI, 0.46%-0.51%) for childhood autism. Overall, the 508 children exposed to valproate had an absolute risk of 4.42% (95% CI, 2.59%-7.46%) for autism spectrum disorder (adjusted HR, 2.9 [95% CI, 1.7-4.9]) and an absolute risk of 2.50% (95% CI, 1.30%-4.81%) for childhood autism (adjusted HR, 5.2 [95% CI, 2.7-10.0]). When restricting the cohort to the 6584 children born to women with epilepsy, the absolute risk of autism spectrum disorder among 432 children exposed to valproate was 4.15% (95% CI, 2.20%-7.81%) (adjusted HR, 1.7 [95% CI, 0.9-3.2]), and the absolute risk of childhood autism was 2.95% (95% CI, 1.42%-6.11%) (adjusted HR, 2.9 [95% CI, 1.4-6.0]) vs 2.44% (95% CI, 1.88%-3.16%) for autism spectrum disorder and 1.02% (95% CI, 0.70%-1.49%) for childhood autism among 6152 children not exposed to valproate.


Maternal use of valproate during pregnancy was associated with a significantly increased risk of autism spectrum disorder and childhood autism in the offspring, even after adjusting for maternal epilepsy. For women of childbearing potential who use antiepileptic medications, these findings must be balanced against the treatment benefits for women who require valproate for epilepsy control.
[PubMed - in process] 

Tuesday, April 23, 2013

Parental depression, maternal antidepressant use during pregnancy, and risk of autism spectrum disorders: population based case-control study.

2013 Apr 19;346:f2059. doi: 10.1136/bmj.f2059.

Parental depression, maternal antidepressant use during pregnancy, and risk of autism spectrum disorders: population based case-control study.


Centre for Mental Health, Addiction and Suicide Research, School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2BN, UK.



To study the association between parental depression and maternal antidepressant use during pregnancy with autism spectrum disorders in offspring.


Population based nested case-control study.


Stockholm County, Sweden, 2001-07.


4429 cases of autism spectrum disorder (1828 with and 2601 without intellectual disability) and 43 277 age and sex matched controls in the full sample (1679 cases of autism spectrum disorder and 16 845 controls with data on maternal antidepressant use nested within a cohort (n=589 114) of young people aged 0-17 years.


A diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder, with or without intellectual disability. EXPOSURES: Parental depression and other characteristics prospectively recorded in administrative registers before the birth of the child. Maternal antidepressant use, recorded at the first antenatal interview, was available for children born from 1995 onwards.


A history of maternal (adjusted odds ratio 1.49, 95% confidence interval 1.08 to 2.08) but not paternal depression was associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders in offspring. In the subsample with available data on drugs, this association was confined to women reporting antidepressant use during pregnancy (3.34, 1.50 to 7.47, P=0.003), irrespective of whether selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or non-selective monoamine reuptake inhibitors were reported. All associations were higher in cases of autism without intellectual disability, there being no evidence of an increased risk of autism with intellectual disability. Assuming an unconfounded, causal association, antidepressant use during pregnancy explained 0.6% of the cases of autism spectrum disorder.


In utero exposure to both SSRIs and non-selective monoamine reuptake inhibitors (tricyclic antidepressants) was associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders, particularly without intellectual disability. Whether this association is causal or reflects the risk of autism with severe depression during pregnancy requires further research. However, assuming causality, antidepressant use during pregnancy is unlikely to have contributed significantly towards the dramatic increase in observed prevalence of autism spectrum disorders as it explained less than 1% of cases.

Wednesday, March 20, 2013

Autism Linked to Parents, Grandparents

Autism Linked to Parents, Grandparents

Multigenerational factors may play a role in the incidence of autism, according to U.S. and Swedish researchers.
Mothers who experienced various forms of abuse in childhood had an increased risk of having an autistic child, according to Andrea Roberts, PhD, of the Harvard School of Public Health, and colleagues.
And men who were 50 or older when one of their children was born were more likely to have a grandchild with autism, according to Emma Frans, MSc, of the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, and colleagues.
The studies, both online in JAMA Psychiatry, appear as the CDC is reporting an increased prevalence of parent-reported autism, driven by recent diagnoses among children with previously unrecognized disorders.
The etiology of autism isn't known, Roberts and colleagues noted, but many hypotheses focus on the perinatal period and such things as low birth weight, prematurity, and gestational diabetes.
Mothers who experienced abuse in childhood have more perinatal adverse circumstances, they added, but it is not clear if that influences their risk of having an autistic child.
To help clarify the issue, they turned to the Nurses' Health Study II, a population-based longitudinal cohort of 116,430 women that began in 1989. Participants have been followed with questionnaires every 2 years.
For this analysis, Roberts and colleagues looked at data from a subset of nearly 55,000 women who reported if they had a child with any autism spectrum disorder and who also answered a questionnaire about abuse in childhood.
The researchers stratified participants into four groups on the basis of reported physical and emotional abuse, from none to most severe, and did the same thing with sexual abuse. They also created a combined score by adding up the physical and emotional abuse and sexual abuse measures.
Overall, 451 mothers reported children with autism and 52,498 participants did not, Roberts and colleagues reported.
They found:
  • The highest level of combined abuse was significantly associated (at P=0.005) with the greatest prevalence of autism, compared with women who reported no childhood abuse -- 1.8% versus 0.7%.
  • Adjusted for demographic factors, the highest level of abuse was associated with a risk ratio for autism of 3.7 (95% CI 2.3 to 5.8).
  • Except for low birth weight, adverse perinatal circumstances were more common among women abused in childhood.
  • When the researchers adjusted for perinatal factors, the association was attenuated but only slightly – the risk ratio became 3.0 (95% CI 1.9 to 4.8) when comparing the highest abuse level with none.

Perinatal factors accounted for only a small part of the risk of autism in offspring, but Roberts and colleagues cautioned that unmeasured factors might also play a role.
They also cautioned that autism and abuse in the study were self-reported, which might have introduced bias.
In the Swedish study, Frans and colleagues noted that advancing paternal age has been linked to autism in offspring. Indeed, one recent study on people with sporadic schizophrenia or autism found a high annual rate of new mutations in relation to paternal age.
Using the country's population-based longitudinal registers, they compared the ages of parents and grandparents at the birth of a child with or without a childhood autism diagnosis.
They were able to get parental age at birth for more than 90% of the cohort, but only able to get age of grandparents at the time of birth of the parent for 5,936 cases and 30,923 controls.
In logistic regression analyses, the risk of autism "increased monotonically" with advancing age of the grandfather, the researchers found. Specifically:
  • Men who fathered a daughter when they were 50 or older – compared with those who had children when they were 20 to 24 – had an adjusted odds ratio for an autistic grandchild of 1.79 (95% CI 1.35 to 2.37, P<0 .001="" li="">
  • Similarly, men who had fathered a son when they were 50 or older had an odds ratio for an autistic grandchild of 1.67 (95% CI 1.35 to 2.37, P<0 .001="" li="">

The findings imply that the risk of autism is multigenerational, Frans and colleagues argued, and "are consistent with mutations and/or epigenetic alterations associated with advancing paternal age."
"Older men should not be discouraged to have children based on these findings," they concluded, "but the results may be important in understanding the mechanism behind childhood autism and other psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders."
The study by Roberts et al. had support from the Department of Defense, the US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, and the NIH.
The journal said the authors made no disclosures.
The study by Frans et al. was supported by the Swedish Research Council, the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research, and the Karolinska Institutet.
The journal said the authors made no disclosures.

Primary source: JAMA Psychiatry
Source reference:
Roberts AL, et al "Association of maternal exposure to childhood abuse with elevated risk for autism in offspring" JAMA Psychiatry 2013; DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.447.
Additional source: JAMA Psychiatry
Source reference:
Frans EM, et al "Autism risk across generations: A population-based study of advancing grandpaternal and paternal age" JAMA Psychiatry 2013; DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.1180.Autism Linked to Parents, Grandparents

Saturday, March 16, 2013

Impact of age on male fertility

2013 Mar 13. [Epub ahead of print]

Impact of age on male fertility.


University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.



An increasing number of older men are seeking help for fathering a child, but male fertility gradually declines with age. This review highlights changes in male reproductive biology and practical clinical concerns for aging men.


Aging may have an impact on sperm DNA damage such as single nucleotide polymorphisms. A recent landmark study identified that the number of single gene de-novo mutations in the offspring increased by two mutations per year based on paternal age. Additionally, advanced paternal age has been linked with neurocognitive disorders such as autism and schizophrenia. For the management of hypogonadism, strategies using selective estrogen modulators have been increasingly utilized to maintain fertility potential.


Aging has an impact on male fertility potential, as well as potential genetic effects for the offspring.

Wednesday, March 13, 2013

J Autism Dev Disord. 2013 Mar 12. [Epub ahead of print] Parental Age and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders in a Finnish National Birth Cohort. Lampi KM, Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki S, Lehti V, Helenius H, Gissler M, Brown AS, Sourander A. Source Department of Child Psychiatry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland. Abstract Aim of the study was to examine the associations between parental age and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Data were based on the FIPS-A (Finnish Prenatal Study of Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders), a case-control study with a total of 4,713 cases with childhood autism (n = 1,132), Asperger's syndrome (n = 1,785) or other pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) (n = 1,796), which were ascertained from the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register. Controls were selected from the Finnish Medical Birth Register. Conditional logistic regression models were used for statistical analyses. Advanced paternal age (35-49 years) was associated with childhood autism in offspring, whereas advanced maternal age was associated with both Asperger's syndrome and PDD in offspring (35 years or more and 40 years or more, respectively). Teenage motherhood (19 years or less) was associated with PDD in offspring. The main finding was that maternal and paternal ages were differentially associated with ASD subtypes. In addition to advanced parental age, teenage pregnancy seems to incur a risk for PDD in offspring. PMID: 23479075 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

2013 Mar 12. [Epub ahead of print]

Parental Age and Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorders in a Finnish National Birth Cohort.


Department of Child Psychiatry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.


Aim of the study was to examine the associations between parental age and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Data were based on the FIPS-A (Finnish Prenatal Study of Autism and Autism Spectrum Disorders), a case-control study with a total of 4,713 cases with childhood autism (n = 1,132), Asperger's syndrome (n = 1,785) or other pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) (n = 1,796), which were ascertained from the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register. Controls were selected from the Finnish Medical Birth Register. Conditional logistic regression models were used for statistical analyses. Advanced paternal age (35-49 years) was associated with childhood autism in offspring, whereas advanced maternal age was associated with both Asperger's syndrome and PDD in offspring (35 years or more and 40 years or more, respectively). Teenage motherhood (19 years or less) was associated with PDD in offspring. The main finding was that maternal and paternal ages were differentially associated with ASD subtypes. In addition to advanced parental age, teenage pregnancy seems to incur a risk for PDD in offspring.
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher] 

Monday, November 26, 2012

New Studies: Flu Shots May Cause Autism

New Studies: Flu Shots May Cause Autism

November 25, 2012

Can the flu cause autism? Or is it the flu shot?

Why is it we are told that flu shots are not safe for infants under six months—but are safe and necessary for the tiny fetuses?
Vaccinations have triggered autism and learning disabilities in children (several studies are given below). My headline Can Flu Shots Cause Autism? is a counter-punch to the dangerous and misleading news last week implying that flu shots for pregnant women may prevent autism. I don’t want to mislead my readers to think flu vaccines are the sole cause or trigger (not by a long shot) as there are others. For example, the MMR and other vaccines, other non-vaccine related environmental exposures, genetic predisposition, mitochondrial dysfunctions and so forth, along with synergistic and cumulative effects.
Vaccines are not near as safe or effective as our government health authorities have led us to believe. The dangers of the flu are wildly exaggerated being 1500 or so deaths a year according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data (not 35,000 as touted). These deaths are mainly the elderly with preexisting conditions. Infant deaths amount to about 10 or so per year.
The question the CDC and state/local health departments are afraid to ask (or face) is: Are the inherent and known health risks of the flu shot on pregnant women and their unborn babies (or anyone) are greater than the risk incurred in getting the flu. This same science- and ethics based question can be applied to any vaccine and any disease for any person.
By the way, I am very happy to be back after a 6-month vacation. However, I found that my system had been injected with a PHP virus two weeks ago. After several attempts and with the help of my hosting service, it took three surgeries to find and remove the viruses. Also, I am glad the virus did not infect you and that all systems are recovered as of yesterday.– Mr Augie

New Studies: Can Flu Shots for Pregnant Women Cause Autism?

By David Michael, MSc, PE
Last week, a report on “evidence” gleaned from a Danish telephone survey stated that flu contracted by pregnant women may cause autism. It was reported in newspapers and broadcasted worldwide by ABC News (two-minute video below) and others strongly suggesting expectant mothers to get their flu shots. The survey results will be published in December in the American Academy Pediatricians’ journal Pediatrics. In concert with the broadcast, ill-informed health authorities issued more calls for all pregnant women to get a flu shot. Who is behind all of this?
Not covered by ABC News (and probably any newspaper) was a study of CDCs vaccine adverse reaction data by MIT scientists that was also published last week. It is yet another study that concluded a strong correlation between autism and the MMR vaccine, neurotoxic aluminum additives in vaccines and the use of acetaminophen (Tylenol and others) during pregnancy. We will also examine a Marietta (Ohio) Times article presenting an extremely one-sided story misinforming those in their county with quotes from their local health department.
The two-minute ABC broadcast is below.

The Latest Danish Report
The Danish report on a telephone survey released last week reports “. . . our data suggest that maternal influenza infection was associated with a twofold increased risk of infantile autism, prolonged episodes of fever caused a threefold increased risk of infantile autism, and use of various antibiotics during pregnancy were potential risk factors for ASD/infantile autism.” The study will be published in December by the American Academy of Pediatricians’ (AAP) journal Pediatrics.
The report is cited: Atladottir HO, Henriksen TB, Schendel DE, et al. Autism after infection, febrile episodes, and antibiotic use during pregnancy: an exploratory study. Pediatrics 2012 December; 130(6) (Early online publication Nov 12) [Abstract]

These CDC-cited papers show that the principal investigator Dr. Atladottir of the above report co-authored several autism-link studies with CDC-funded scientist Dr. Paul Thorsen. Thorsen is indicted on embezzling $2 million of autism research money, being extradited by a federal court and believed to be hiding out in Denmark. Some of these studies were also published in Pediatrics. Denmark was the place where a study of CDC vaccine-autism data showing a link was doctored (fraudulently changed and reported to show the opposite) as reported by an investigative team of attorney Robert F Kennedy Jr. Denmark is also the place where the autism-mercury-vaccine factor was falsely “disproven” (mercury was reduced in vaccines but autism rates increased—after a mandatory autism reporting registry was in place which obviously would cause an increase in reported autism cases ). Apparently, the new Danish telephone survey was funded by CDC.
The University of Minnesota reported that ” because they assessed so many pregnancy-related variables, they said those findings could have shown up merely by chance, and much more research (read funding) is needed.” One has to question the very large margin of error of the data collected over the telephone—how do expectant mothers remember her temperature 10 or 15 years ago and how long they had the fever. Moreover, they find 342 infantile autism cases out of 90,000 pregnancies. Expectant mothers who got the flu might only account for at about 35 to 50 cases and much fewer would have fevers for a week. Extremely small sample to give such large conclusions.
The actual paper can only be viewed for a period of only 48 hours for $25 at AAPs website. But ABCs Dr. Besser highlights it for us: “Here’s what they found: if a mother reported having flu during pregnancy her risk of having a child with autism increased from 1 to 2 percent. If she reported having fever for seven days the risk went from 1 to 3 percent– so while it’s doubling or tripling — it’s still very small,” said Dr. Besser.
What? Dr. Besser needs schooling: a 1% autism rate is very large and an increase to 2 to 3% (a 2x or 3x increase or 200 to 300% increase) is not small – it is huge. Say there are about 30,000 new autism cases a year in the US— based on this study this extrapolates to 60,000 and 90,000 per year for a lifelong and profound disability—“very small” and “nothing to be concerned with”. (The polio epidemic, by comparison to the actual autism epidemic, was very insignificant.)
The flu and fevers have been around for centuries yet the autism epidemic started to soar only twenty years ago–since the mid 1990s–about the time many more vaccines were added to the schedule. Where are all the autistics from the 1918 flu? – or from the 50s and 60s? There were hardly any at all—certainly not one in 88 today. Did they take Tylenol? Did they give their infants Tylenol to reduce their fevers caused by their vaccinations? Did the investigators asked those that had flu if they had a flu shot that year? Why didn’t they ask about the infants and children’s vaccinations?—they asked about numerous drugs–but not Tylenol or vaccinations.
But ABCs Dr. Besser says the correlation reinforces recommendations that all pregnant women should get the flu shot.
. . . Do Flu Shots Even Work?
The chance of not getting the flu is already 90% on average most years. There is a reason why the flu shot appears to work for people that take them. They may not get the flu in nine years out of ten, the same without the shot. They will most likely say the flu shot is 90% effective. However, large studies conclude the flu shot does not work well if at all.
The flu shot does not work for babies. In a review of 51 studies involving more than 294,000 children, it was found there was “no evidence that injecting children 6 to 24 months of age with a flu shot was any more effective than a placebo. In children over the age of 2 years, it was effective only 33% of the time in preventing the flu. (“Vaccines for preventing influenza in health children”, The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2008)
Adults are also not protected by flu vaccine. In a review of 48 reports including more than 66,000 adults, “Vaccination of healthy adults only reduced risk of influenza by 6%, and reduced the number of missed work days by less than one day (0.16). It did not change the number of people needing to go to a hospital or take time off work.” (“Vaccines for preventing influenza in healthy adults,” The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2006)
Flu shots do not work for the elderly. In a review of 64 studies over several flu seasons, for elderly living in nursing homes, flu shots were non-significant for preventing the flu. For elderly living in the community, vaccines were not significantly effective against influenza, ILI or pneumonia. (“Vaccines for preventing influenza in the elderly,” The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2006)
Flu Vaccine Manufacturers Warnings
The news was trumpeted that flu may cause more autism, so it was implied that flu shots may prevent autism, “so all the more reason to get a flu shot”. This is preposterous—especially since safety studies on pregnant women and pre-born babies have not been conducted and effects on the fetus and the reproductive system are unknown.
The Fluzone package insert: “It is also not known whether Fluzone can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity.”
Fluarix package insert: “There are, however, no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women” regarding impaired female fertility or harm to the fetus.
From the Fluvirin package insert: “It is also not known whether FLUVIRIN® can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity.”
All vaccines have ingredients called neurotoxins (mercury, for example, in multi-dose flu vaccines—and aluminum). It would be impossible for those neurotoxins not to have some neurological impact on some infants or fetuses In fact, they do in some—immediately or cumulatively—manifesting as autism or other neurological disorders and learning disabilities. Toxicologists are schooled to recognize that a neurotoxin, by definition, will attack the nervous system and the brain.
Last week’s study correlating vaccines with autism
But another study (yet another one– apparently deemed not newsworthy) also published last week gives strong evidence supporting a link between autism, the MMR shot, aluminum in vaccines and acetaminophen (e.g.Tylenol). It uses CDCs own data from the adverse reaction reports (VAERS).
Cited is Seneff S., Davidson R.M., Liu J. Empirical Data Confirm Autism Symptoms Related to Aluminum and Acetaminophen Exposure. Entropy. 2012; 14(11):2227-2253. Download PDF Full-Text [441 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 8 November 2012 16:12 CET]. Conclusion:
“Our results provide strong evidence supporting a link between autism and the aluminum in vaccines. A literature review showing toxicity of aluminum in human physiology offers further support. Mentions of autism in VAERS increased steadily at the end of the last century, during a period when mercury was being phased out, while aluminum adjuvant burden was being increased. Using standard log-likelihood ratio techniques, we identify several signs and symptoms that are significantly more prevalent in vaccine reports after 2000, including cellulitis, seizure, depression, fatigue, pain and death, which are also significantly associated with aluminum-containing vaccines. We propose that children with the autism diagnosis are especially vulnerable to toxic metals such as aluminum and mercury due to insufficient serum sulfate and glutathione. A strong correlation between autism and the MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) vaccine is also observed, which may be partially explained via an increased sensitivity to acetaminophen administered to control fever.”
Another recent study correlating vaccines with autism.
The Journal previously had introduced a study in an article on the neurotoxicity of aluminum in vaccines. This study was published in Current Medicinal Chemistry September 2011 on the toxicity of aluminum in vaccines, including the flu vaccine, warns the risks may exceed the intended benefit of the vaccine itself. They conclude:
“Experimental research, however, clearly shows that aluminum adjuvants have a potential to induce serious immunological disorders in humans. In particular, aluminum in adjuvant form carries a risk for autoimmunity, long-term brain inflammation and associated neurological complications and may thus have profound and widespread adverse health consequences.”
Twelve more studies with strongly correlating vaccines with autism
There are fourteen studies that are frequently quoted to support the vaccines-do-not-cause-autism myth. All are poor studies with serious conflicts of interest and low ratings from scientific peers. On the other hand, listed here are twelve good studies with strong correlations. These include babies having had three HepB shots are 9x more likely to have learning diabilities; infants and children receiving a flu shot are 3x more likely to be hospitalized for flu; vaccinated children have 2.5x the autism and 2x the ADHD than unvaccinated; delaying DPT shots by just 2 months reduced asthma by half (when Japan delayed DPT until 2 years, SIDs rates dropped by half).
Should we believe the flu shot to be any safer? Here is another report out today, November 23, 2012 showing 4250% (that is 42 times more) Increase in Fetal Deaths Reported to VAERS After Flu Shot Given to Pregnant Women. They say:
“Documentation received from the National Coalition of Organized Women (NCOW) Eileen Dannemann, NCOW’s director, made abundantly clear that despite these figures being known to the CDC, the multiple-strain, inactivated flu vaccine containing mercury (Thimerosal) has once again been recommended to pregnant women as a safe vaccination this season.
Outraged by the CDC’s total disregard for human life, Ms. Dannemann accused the CDC of ‘willful misconduct,’ saying that they are responsible for causing the deaths of thousands of unborn babies. She stated that the CDC deliberately misled the nation’s obstetricians and gynecologists and colluded with the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (AJOG) to mislead the public by advertising the flu vaccine as a safe vaccine for pregnant women when they knew fully well that it was causing a massive spike in fetal deaths.”
This substantiates an earlier study on the H1N1 experimental vaccine that caused about 4000 miscarriages in the US over and above what would be expected in women not vaccinated for the swine flu in 2009.
Some 2500 families have now been awarded (with some still pending) $2.5 billion by the U.S. vaccine compensation program for vaccines proven to be injurious to their children–and causing autism and autism-like symptoms with some 60 children. The federal vaccine compensation program was set up because vaccine manufacturer’s were given legal protection and are exempt from product liability for vaccine injuries. MORE IN PART 2 on Tuesday.
There is much more in Part 2 — to be released on Tuesday: An excellent PowerPoint video on the flu and flu shots using CDC information; the Tylenol connection to vaccines combined with acetaminophen, the Marietta Times story, direct links to the government and vaccine makers information, and concluding remarks.

Top Autism Sites Health Blogs -  Blog Catalog Blog Directory StumbleUpon Toolbar Stumble It! blog directory PageRank Button Add to Technorati Favorites Health Blogs
Directory of Health Blogs Blogarama - The Blog Directory